- 1 Purpose
- 2 Scope
- 3 Policy Statement
- 4 Principles
- 5 Procedures
- 6 References
- 7 Schedules
- 8 Policy Information
To provide an environment where students with a Disability are appropriately supported and encouraged and are free from discrimination or harassment.
This policy applies to all students involved in University related activities including Higher Research Degree students and students visiting from another institution.
This policy applies to all students involved in University related activities including students visiting from another institution.
3 Policy Statement
The purpose of this Policy is to:
- Promote and foster an environment which encourages positive, informed and unprejudiced attitudes towards people with a Disability.
- Implement procedures for any reasonable adjustments needed by students with a Disability.
- Ensure that positive and practical steps will be undertaken to enable people with disabilities to seek employment or student enrolment within the University of Southern Queensland.
- Employ all reasonable and appropriate teaching strategies and methods without compromising the essential content of a course or the requirement to demonstrate essential skills or knowledge.
- Ensure that the needs of people with a Disability are met in relation to the physical environment of each campus, including buildings, facilities and grounds, whilst supporting online accessibility and compliance with W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) for people with a Disability who study off-campus.
The University of Southern Queensland supports the principle of universal access for all students, including those with a Disability, to its services and facilities. The University will strive to ensure that no students are disadvantaged in their participation in any aspect of university life as a result of a Disability.
The University commits to the provision of a study environment where students will not be subject to discrimination or harassment because of a Disability. Discrimination, harassment, vilification and victimization are covered in more detail in the University's Employee Equity and Diversity Policy.
The University aims, as far as possible, to eliminate Disability discrimination; to ensure that people with disabilities have the same rights as the rest of the community; and to promote recognition and acceptance of these rights within the campus community.
5.1 Disclosure of a Disability by a Student
- Students who have an illness or Disability, who wish the University to adjust a process, policy or procedure or wish the University to provide reasonable adjustments including exam adjustments, Disability support workers or assistive technology such as equipment or other physical aids, must first register with Disability Resources and disclose the nature and extent of the illness or Disability.
- Disability Support Coordinators assess each student based on the provision of appropriate medical documentation and a detailed interview with the student. Documentation provided by students to support their Disability must be dated and signed by the appropriate health or Disability professional, and should be:
- No more than two weeks old for temporary conditions.
- No more than six months old for fluctuating conditions.
- No more than three years old for a learning Disability.
There is no restriction on the age of documentation for a permanent Disability.
- The documentation provided should be specific and:
- State the impairment, mental health or medical condition.
- Indicate whether the Disability is permanent, temporary, or fluctuating.
- Outline the impact on the student.
- Recommend reasonable accommodations.
- Clearly identify the health professional and their credentials.
- Be legible, on a letterhead, dated and signed.
- A formal plan is collaboratively developed and a Disability notification generated which lists all approved standard and non-standard reasonable adjustments. Standard Adjustments are approved by Disability Resources and Non-Standard Adjustments are negotiated with relevant course examiners.
- The student is responsible for contacting each course examiner and providing the Disability notification however the level of disclosure to examiners is determined by the student based on the information provided on the consent form. A faculty report is created and sent to nominated assessment staff for distribution to the relevant examiners prior to the exam period, seeking approval for Non-Standard Adjustments or additional negotiations that a student has requested in relation to each course.
- No further notification will be sent to examiners by Disability Resources throughout the student's course unless there is a need to change adjustments and/or support. Students are responsible for notifying new lecturers each semester themselves. Students with permanent disabilities and/or long term medical conditions may have standard and Non-Standard Adjustments approved for up to three (3) years. All reasonable adjustments will be reviewed after this time unless the Disability Support Coordinator or student requests a reassessment of their situation.
5.2 Reasonable adjustment
- An adjustment is reasonable if it successfully balances the interests of all parties affected. Ultimately, the consideration of what is reasonable may be up to the law courts. As a guide, the following principles should be taken into consideration:
- Reasonable adjustments for students are measures taken by the University to enable students to have full access to the provision of all educational services on the same basis as students without a Disability such as:
- Admission and enrolment
- Participation in a course or program
- Use of facilities and services
The adjustment may take the form of an aid, a facility or a service that the student requires because of his or her Disability.
- Appropriate adjustments will be provided in consultation with the student, within a reasonable time after notification of the need for adjustments. Adjustments provided for students with disabilities must meet the academic requirements of the course or program studied as well as any inherent or essential requirements or components of the course of study.
5.3 Examination adjustments for students with disabilities
- The University will make adjustments to examinations for students with a Disability (including students with chronic medical conditions), to provide students with an equitable opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and competency for assessment purposes. Students must first comply with the requirements stated under Section 5.1 of this policy and the Disability Resources Handbook timeframes for exam adjustment requests.
- Alternate arrangements for examinations will be recommended after considering standard practices that redress the impact of a student's Disability on their performance in examinations. These may include adjustments such as:
- Extensions of time
- Use of assistive technology
- A separate room
- Use of reader, scribe or computer where necessary
- Use of ergonomic chair
- Alternative formatting of exam papers
- Negotiation of an alternative assessment.
5.4 Exceptions under the legislation
- Before refusing a student's request for a reasonable adjustment, the Faculty or department must be satisfied that the grounds for refusal can be justified under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 as an exception under the legislation. Staff are encouraged to seek advice from Faculty Academic Disability Contact Officers, or equivalent, in conjunction with Associate Deans and Disability Resources staff prior to making a final decision. All refusals of reasonable adjustments must be put in writing to Disability Resources, section 5.4.2 provides reference to the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 and possible reasons for exceptions.
- The following are identified under the Commonwealth Disability Discrimination Act 1992 as exceptions to the requirement for provision of all necessary measures and reasonable adjustments for students with a Disability:
- Where provision of adjustments or measures would impose unjustifiable hardship on the University;
- Where, even with the provision of all appropriate adjustments, the student remains unable to fulfil the inherent requirements of a course of study;
- Where the provision of adjustments or measures would undermine the academic integrity of the course of study, assessment or accreditation process; and
- Where a student with a Disability has an infectious disease or other condition that requires isolation or discrimination in order to protect their health and welfare or the health and welfare of others, and where the University is unable to provide reasonable adjustments that will enable the student to receive relevant services and facilities so that they may continue with their studies;
- Where even with the provision of all appropriate adjustments, it is not possible to meet occupational health and safety requirements.
- Unjustifiable hardship as described by the Disability Discrimination Act, provides that for the purposes of the Act, in determining what constitutes unjustifiable hardship, all relevant circumstances of the particular case are to be taken into account including:
- the nature of the benefit or detriment likely to accrue or be suffered by an persons concerned; and
- the effect of the Disability of a person concerned; and
- the financial circumstances and the estimated amount of expenditure required to be made by the person claiming unjustifiable hardship; and
- in the case of provision of services, or the making available of facilities - an action plan given to the Commission under Section 64 of the Act
5.5 Managing Complaints
- A student who has been refused a reasonable adjustment will be provided with written confirmation of the refusal through Disability Resources in Student Services. The USQ complaint management process may be initiated if the student disagrees with the decision and believes the decision is discriminatory in accordance with the Disability Discrimination Act 1992. Students are able to seek advice from third parties at any time.
- Students with grounds for complaint should follow the Student Complaints Management policy and submit the complaint to the Manager, Student Equity and Disability at Student Services.
- Complaints of discrimination and harassment will be treated seriously by the University and will be managed promptly in a thorough and confidential manner. The principle of Natural Justice will apply and will guide the application of this policy and associated procedures.
- The complaint resolution process will be carried out in good faith and complaints that are frivolous, vexatious, misconceived or lacking in substance will be rejected in a preliminary investigation if the facts indicate this. The University may initiate disciplinary procedure investigations immediately in response to allegations of conduct or behaviour that may be considered misconduct.
- Resolution policy and procedures of student complaints of discrimination and harassment reside with the Student Equity Office.
5.6 Where to resolve issues of disability discrimination
- Students seeking to resolve issues of discrimination and harassment can seek support and information initially from a Harassment and Diversity Contact Officer or the Coordinator, Disability Resources, Toowoomba Campus.
This policy must be read in conjunction with its subordinate schedules as provided in the table below.
8 Policy Information
Pro Vice-Chancellor (Students)
Executive Director (Student Success and Wellbeing)
Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986
Equal Opportunity (Commonwealth Authorities) Act 1987
Disability Discrimination Act 1992
Workplace Relations Act 1996
Disability Standards for Education 2005
Anti-Discrimination Act 1991
Public Sector Ethics Act 1994
Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995
Disability Services Act 2006
Related forms, publications and websites
Terms defined in the Definitions Dictionary
Definitions that relate to this policy only
A “Disability” is defined by the Commonwealth Disability Discrimination Act 1992 as:
The definition refers to a Disability that now exists, existed in the past, but no longer exists, or can be expected to exist in the future.
Natural Justice is the term used to refer to a process that is fair to all parties and free of bias. The principles include the right for a respondent to be heard before any decision which has the potential to affect them is made; the right to be informed of allegations made; the right of response; the right to representation and the right to consistency in the organisational approach to issues.
A standard adjustment is approved by the Disability Resources Coordinator or nominated representative. The following list of Standard Adjustments is not exhaustive and may be subject to change
A3EXAM - Exam Paper A3 size
AIR - Air conditioning
ALTA3 - Alternate format - A3 size
ALTRBRA - Alternate format - Braille
ALTENL - Alternate format enlarged font
ALTFOR - Alternate formatting of exam
AMEXAM - Exams conducted in the AM only
BLUPPR - Exam on blue paper
BREAK - Rest break including in extra time
DISTOI - Access to a toilet for disabled
DSKLCT - Use of a desktop lecturn
ERGCH - Ergonomic chair
EXTR30 - Extra 30 minutes
FDDRNK - Food and drink permitted
LIGHT - Fluorescent or good lighting
MEDIC - Extra 30 minutes for medication
MEDPER - Permission to medicate in exam
MOVE - Permission to move around
NATLTG - Natural lighting only
OTHER - Other furniture requirement
OVL - Use of overlay
PM EXAM - Exams conducted in the PM only
READER - Use of reader
ROOM - Separate room
SCRIBE - Use of scribe
SMLGRP - No more than 10 students
TIME10 - Extra 10 minutes per hour
TIME20 - Extra 20 minutes per hour
TIME30 - Extra 30 minutes per hour
TIME40 - Extra 40 minutes per hour
TIME50 - Extra 50 minutes per hour
TIME60 - Extra 60 minutes
WHLTAB - Wheelchair table
WHTPPR - White paper
YLWPPR - Exam on yellow paper
A Non-Standard Adjustment is approved by the relevant examiner in conjunction with Associate Deans and Disability Resources. The following list of Non-Standard Adjustments is not exhaustive and may be subject to change.
A4FRM - A4 Sheet Prompt/Formula/Notes
ANSAUD - Answer on audio tape
ASSESS - Modified assessment
ASSIGN - Assignment instead of exam
COMDSK - Alternate format - exam on CD
COMP - Computer
DBLEXT - Double the examination time
DICTNR - Permission to use a dictionary
HMEXAM - Home exam
LAPTOP - Use of laptop computer
OPENBK - Open book examination
OWNCMP - Use of student's own computer
RESCHD - Reschedule exam date
SFTWRE - Use of specialist software (attached to request for computer)
SPLIT - Split exam
UNLMT - Unlimited time to complete
Disability, complaints, disclosure, reasonable adjustment, discrimination, Natural Justice, examinations, blind, deaf, wheelchair, impaired, assistance animal